Multivariate analysis results when a two-way interaction was fitted between mine fire PM 2. Whole Population—Multivariate model results for associations between respiratory outcomes and a Home building materials and b Roofing materials. Associations were found between wildfire PM 10 exposure following an American wildfire and survey-reported respiratory symptoms in children [ 31 ].
The current analysis draws upon the Adult Survey component of the HHS to examine whether there was an association between mine fire-related PM 2. Current wheeze. Coal Geol. Modelled data were used due to a paucity of air quality monitoring at the time of the fire [ 138 ].
Combined we see a strong preference for a son in India: parents are more likely to continue having more children when the child is a girl and they are more likely to stop having children when they have a boy. Child mortality measures the share of newborns who die before reaching their 5th birthday.
Log in. Systematic assessment of the sex ratio at birth for all countries and estimation of national imbalances and regional reference levels. Index of multiple deprivation by ward. April In some countries the sex ratio is skewed beyond the expected sex ratio. It has been known for a long time that the mortality of boys is higher.
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The expected sex ratio is approximately boys born per girls. Poorer health outcomes for girls across some countries — often in Asia and not restricted to India — has been well-documented. Lucia A surplus of men, a deficit of peace: security and sex ratios in Asia's largest states. What are the consequences of a skewed sex ratio?
For third-born children, the ratio was boys per girls, suggesting a high prevalence of sex selection abortions. The preference in some countries for a son is seen in the overall sex ratio at birth figures above.
The first included only background sources of PM 2. Abstract In , wildfires ignited a fire in the Morwell open cut coal mine, Australia, which burned for six weeks. Discussion To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine self-reported respiratory symptoms associated with smoke exposure from a coal mine fire.