During the period of significant growth from 26 percent coverage in to 41 percent coverage inhate crime incidence remained flat. One such research collaboration aimed to understand and improve the education of transgender-related health topics within Texas nursing programs' curricula.
In: Herek Gregory M. Bexar County allows county employee benefits to be extended to domestic partners.
Specifically, a partnership recognition law is associated with one additional hate crime per 1. Previous research on racially-motivated violence suggests perceived threats of integration Grattet ; Green et al ; Lyons and discursive opportunities Koopmans ; Koopmans and Olzak are potential drivers of hate crimes.
Albany Law Review. The Economic Journal. Under a defended marriage model, we would expect a spike in hate crimes coincident with implementation and the strongest increase in conservative states; in contrast, we see the strongest effect two years following implementation and roughly equivalent increases by across levels of citizen political ideology.
Archived from the original on February 26, Dallas County pays cash subsidies to help cover the cost of individual insurance policies purchased by the domestic partners of county employees. Legal equality, however, will reduce violence.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. In the case of sodomy laws, cultural changes often occurred even without changes in law. In other words, whites frustrated by economic hardships and lack of resources blamed and attacked African Americans for their difficulties.
Retrieved June 29, We bridge the literature on cultural heterosexism and racially-motivated hate crimes to examine how changes in public policies related to sexual orientation create or restrict discursive opportunities for hate crimes, conditions for defended marriage, and crimes motivated by economic competition.
For geographical areas under the jurisdiction of the Texas Court of Appeals in San Antonio, the case Littleton v.